Make Your Own PCB
  1. Making Your Own Printed Circuit Board - An Overview, part 1
  2. Making Your Own Printed Circuit Board - An Overview, part 2

Making Your Own Printed Circuit Board – An Overview, part 1

PCB Image Transfer

If you start tinkering with electronics, eventually you will want to make your own printed circuit board, or PCB as it is generally called. In the olden days, this subject was pretty straightforward. You went down to your local RadioShack, and bought an etching kit. You drew your single sided design using a marking pen and some supplied stickers. The board was fairly big, and it had only a few simple through-hole components.

Those days are now pretty much gone. Now most electronic projects are much more complex, the boards are much smaller, and you need to deal with 2 layers, surface mount components and vias. In this overview, I will tackle the different problems you may encounter and the methods available. I won’t cover PCB layout software or commercially made boards. I’ll deal with those topics in separate articles.

Basic Steps

Making a PCB involves several steps. Today’s PCBs require a lot more steps than they used to, but for your own use, these later amenities can be omitted. The steps involved are:

  1. Imaging your design onto a blank PCB
  2. Etching
  3. Drilling
  4. Amenities – solder mask, silk screen, tin plating
  5. Vias
Each of the steps can be fairly involved and each has its own set of problems. I will cover each one in detail.

Imaging Methods

As I mentioned before, simple circuits can be drawn with a sharpie marker, but these days, you will need to print out something called a mask using CAD software. There are several ways to transferring this mask to your blank PCB. Commercially, this process is done using a photo transfer process, which is also one of the ways available to you at home. The point of this process is to add a coating to your PCB in the shape of your circuit. This coating will permit the copper to be etched away from the blank board everywhere except where you want it. The coating that prevents parts of the board from being etched is called a mask. Because of the fine pitch features often required, this step is not as easy as it would seem.

Photo Transfer

Photo transfer is the most accurate way to image your design and is used commercially. It will easily provide the fine pitches needed for modern designs. It is also the most expensive method for home use. You must buy specially photo-sensitive coated boards and print your image onto clear plastic sheets. After printing the negative of your design, you lay it on your PCB and expose it to ultra-violet light to develop the coating which now becomes your mask.

Because of the extra expense and special boards required, I have never used this method. If you need fine features, using a commercial PCB service is really the way to go. If you would like to know more here are a few articles that describe the process:

Fritzing’s DIY PCB Tutorial

Lada Ada’s PCB Tutorial

Toner Transfer

The toner transfer method involves printing out a positive image of your circuit using a laser printer, and then using heat to transfer that image to your board. The pros including being quick, cheap and produces fairly good results. It is the method I prefer to use. The downside is that it is a little tricky to get good results and you often have some areas that need touching up with a sharpie. It can handle fairly fine features, but is definitely limited as compared to the photo transfer method.

Toner transfer uses the same basic process as the laser printer does. When a laser printer prints, it deposits the toner particles onto your paper and uses heat to fuse them to the paper. When you want to transfer this image to your PCB, you again use heat to lift the toner particles and fuse them to your board.

There are two ways to make the transfer – using an iron (like you iron clothes with) or a laminate machine. I have found the iron works well enough for occasional use. If you start making a lot of PCBs, then you should invest in a laminate machine. This company sells a laminator specifically for PCBs. You can also buy a cheap laminator from amazon for $35 and modify it as specified in this article.

The main problem encountered with this process is getting all the toner off the paper and onto the PCB. The type of paper you print on is the most critical part of the process. There are several resources available for buying (here or here)or making this paper. It seems to me that buying or making special transfer paper would be just as involved as photo imaging. If I were to need to make that many PCBs, I would go with the latter route instead.

For the quick, occasional home PCB, there is a surprisingly simple and cheap alternative to special papers – glossy, magazine pages. To use them, just tear out a page that is light on the printing and print your PCB onto it. The existing printing doesn’t transfer, so it is not a problem (the lightly printed pages are needed for YOU to see your design). The toner tends to not stick very well to the glossy pages which makes it ideal for toner transfer.

For more details, I have not found a better article on the subject than this one.

One last detail on this method involves registering double-sided boards. The problem is that the mask on both sides of the board much align with each other. The easiest way to do this is to hold the two masks up to the light (using thin magazine paper here helps) and aligning them together. Once aligned, tape them together. Then slip the board in between them and transfer using an iron or laminator. This article describes the technique in perfect detail.

While I was writing this article, a new how-to article appeared that uses parchment paper from the grocery store for the toner transfer paper. It sounds like a winner to me – I will be trying it on my next board.

Direct Printing

A third way to get your design onto a board is to print directly onto the board. This method sounds like the ideal one for home use, but it is not quite mainstream yet. The basic method uses a modified ink-jet printer. This website gives a lot of useful information on how to do it. There is also an instructable on doing it.

An alternative to etching PCBs also exists with ink jet printing – skip the copper clad board altogether, and print conductive traces directly onto a substrate. A new conductive ink that is a true solution as opposed to particles in suspension has now been developed making it ideal for this method. If you want to experiment yourself with either of this techniques, you should head over and join the yahoo group dedicated to making PCBs with inkjets.

Milling

The last way to transfer your design to a board actually eliminates the next step as well – direct milling of the copper using a CNC machine. While formerly the only available to wealthy corporations, with the advent of cheap 3D printers and DIY CNC machines, this method is now cheap enough to be available to everyone.

You can check out some of these popular designs and kits (here and here) if you want to explore more. I don’t have a desktop CNC machine myself yet, but I plan to get one eventually. When I do, direct milling PCBs will be my preferred method.

Etching Methods

Etching is fairly simple in its most basic form – you immerse the copper clad board into an etchant solution, agitate some and when you see the exposed copper dissolved, you remove the board and rinse. As with most things worth doing, there are many techniques to try to obtain a faster, better etch. The basic principles involved are temperature and agitation. The etchant needs to be warm and flowing across the copper. If it isn’t, the etching takes a long time and is more uneven.

There are two great tank construction articles I have found for making a really good etching tank. The first describes a thin vertical tank using an airstone for agitation. It looks simple and inexpensive. The second describes a spray technique that is really effective. While the build is more involved, it seems like a really great way to do it.

For the quick and dirty method that saves etching solution, I use the sponge technique. While wearing rubber gloves, rub the etchant solution onto the board with a sponge. It takes a bit of labor, but works quickly and well.

After you have successfully etched your board, you must remove your mask. The best way to do this is to use fingernail polish remover. The toner or photo resist comes off easily with a little bit of rubbing.

Etching Solutions

The traditional etching solution is Ferric Chloride. It is available from most electronics suppliers. For many people, they do not like working with this chemical. Apart from its ability to stain, I don’t have much problem with it. While I wouldn’t want to touch it, it doesn’t burn or emit noxious fumes.

There are some who favor using Cupric Chloride which begins as a mixture of hydrogen peroxide and hydrochloric acid. The raw ingredients are cheap and readily available. Hydrochloric acid is available where pool supplies are sold under the name muriatic acid. I don’t know if this solution is any safer than the traditional one, but I like the fact that the ingredients can often be found either at home or in a nearby store. Here is a great article on the subject if you want to learn more.

Coming Next

You are now armed with the knowledge necessary to successfully image and etch your PCBs. In part two of this article, we will explore the other steps to making a working PCB as well as some extra features common on commercial boards.

Making Your Own Printed Circuit Board – An Overview, part 1 by Provide Your Own is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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67 Comments

  1. Posted May 14, 2012 at 5:32 pm | Permalink

    Thank for your kind information!This is really a help post for me to make it my own circuit design.

  2. Kent
    Posted June 1, 2012 at 1:30 pm | Permalink

    I’ve found that “transparency sheets” used for laser printing overhead projector slides worked VERY well for the toner transfer when using an iron. It required very little if any touch up. The sheets are a bit hard to find though (I found some at a local Fry’s).

    I now have access to a PCB mill and I have been experimenting with it. I would guess that for certain pitch sizes (around QFP for instance), I might have a hard time with the 0.5mm end mills I am using and might resort back to toner transfer.

  3. Posted June 1, 2012 at 1:34 pm | Permalink

    You’ve gathered some fine information here pal. Congrats’!

    Moving on to Part 2 and I’m loving it!

    By the way … isn’t electrolytic etching a solution ?

  4. Mike O'Dell
    Posted June 2, 2012 at 10:20 am | Permalink

    The etch performance of Ferric Cloride can be significantly improved easily – add some citric acid.

    the following is an article describing it – the good bits are toward the end

    http://www.polymetaal.nl/beguin/mape/edinburgh_etch.htm

  5. Joseph
    Posted June 2, 2012 at 5:58 pm | Permalink

    For etching solution I’ve had good results using the vinegar/hydrogen peroxide/salt combination (instead of ferric or cupric chloride) and a artist’s paint brush to periodically wipe off the accumulated gunk. Works surprisingly well with small boards and traces down to 12 mil.

    • Posted June 3, 2012 at 10:09 pm | Permalink

      Will you please share more details – amounts of each, what concentration of hydrogen peroxide, etc.?

      • Posted August 8, 2012 at 6:07 am | Permalink

        Hi Scott ok i have been etching for a very long time.

        1 part of hydroclhoric acid 36% PURE
        2 parts of hydrogeon peroxide. 4-6% CONCENTRATION.
        mix both first then pour in container with pcb.
        BINGO…….. FAST ETCHING PLUS HIGH QUALITY PCB.
        CLEAN WITH AND BAKING POWDER AND DONE.

        ENJOY very easy and you will be happy.

    • Posted June 26, 2012 at 11:34 pm | Permalink

      I’m also curious as to the ratios, and any further tips. Does it work better warm?

      • Posted August 8, 2012 at 6:13 am | Permalink

        hi matt,

        1 part hydrochloric acid 36 %
        2 parts hydrogen peroxide 4-6%
        mix together and add in container with PCB.
        wash PCB with baking powder and done.
        keep green solution in glass bottle.
        when you want to use again just shake bottle and then add a little hydrochloric acid and hydrogen peroxide. in container with PCB.

        This will last for a long time and is very cheap but very professionally no doubt.

        I have made 100s of PCB very high standard and sold quickly.

      • Posted August 8, 2012 at 6:20 am | Permalink

        The process i have explained is the best . You don’t need company’s to make your PCB .

        Over many years I tried all sorts of process but the one mentioned earlier is the best!

        Reusable and cheap. ( The green solution culpric can be used again just shake so this adds oxygen then a add simple parts of 0.5 hydrochloric acid and0.5 hydrogen…the magic will work!!!!!!!!!!
        once finished etching use solution again and follow process of shaking and adding.

        No doubt very professional finish that you can then tin your PCB for very good coherent track transition flow of electrons.

  6. Jeremiah
    Posted July 2, 2012 at 10:57 am | Permalink

    I used to do this a lot until my eyesight started to go. Now I just order my pcbs. Use a company called http://www.pcb-solutions.com fairly often, they seem really good.

  7. Posted August 20, 2012 at 10:48 am | Permalink

    What software do you recommend for use on your home PC? I imagined it would be a specialist piece of software for PCB design.

    • Posted August 28, 2012 at 2:28 am | Permalink

      I recommend either DipTrace or KiCad. I wrote an overview in this article. I currently use DipTrace. It is a Windows application, but is also well behaved under Linux via Wine.

  8. Posted April 4, 2013 at 10:59 pm | Permalink

    this is very useful for novice

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  11. Posted February 5, 2016 at 9:31 am | Permalink

    Very nice read on how to make your own PCB. Hope this will get people motivated to get busy!

    -Tim http://www.nextpcb.com

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  14. John
    Posted June 28, 2017 at 9:50 pm | Permalink

    photo etching: special boards? you can get a film to cover any copper clad for 8-20 buck a roll and a laminator to apply it for 20 bucks on amazon. if you dont want to buy the laminator just take the cut square and your pcb to office depot/ staples/ your local print center

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    The global Pharmaceutical Contract Manufacturing Industry Report reveals possible growth prospects in developing nations like India and China. Normally, in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology areas, the sourcing corporations pursue contract manufacturing facilities to reconstruct their source deployment in the direction of high skill zones such as R&D and marketing.
    Pharmaceutical Contract Manufacturing in India –
    The Pharmaceutical Contract Manufacturing (PCM) is developing speedily in India. The key reasons are the expiring drug patents and that India is acknowledged to have low-cost manufacturing office centers. According to a report, the past few eras have been very productive for India, as it acquired a major leap from pharmaceutical productions, to take in contract manufacturing. According to the President of IDMA (Indian Drug Manufacturers’ Association), Mr. S V Veeramani, the entire pharmaceutical contract manufacturing industry is rising at 20 percent, offering an expanding opportunity for small and medium companies. The present market value is expected at 50 percent of the domestic production, which incompletely translates to US$ 5.3 billion. For the basic production of medical drugs and products, India has an extreme superior edge over countries like China, Ireland and Vietnam, due to resources counting manpower, technically experienced workforce and WHO-GMP (World Health Organization. Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) is an organization for certifying that products are consistently manufactured and controlled according to quality standards approved in the production premises.

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  29. Posted April 9, 2018 at 7:29 pm | Permalink

    п»їOnline Payday Loan With Instant Approval – GРµtting Money Immediately

    Online payday loan with instant approval iѕ juѕt оnе nаmе оf a payday loan in California offered bу payday loan companies. People refer tо thеѕе loans bу mаnу оthеr names. Cash advance payday loans, quick cash loans, immеdiаtе cash loans аnd emergency payday loans аrе examples оf оthеr popular names. Thе mаin objective оf thеѕе loans iѕ tо make tо уоu аvаilаblе required funds whеn уоu аrе facing a short-term financial crisis.

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  30. Posted April 10, 2018 at 2:38 am | Permalink

    п»їAdvice To Help You Formulate A Prosperous Internet Marketing Campaign

    Marketing on the internet is a booming business, and it’s what a lot of people think of when they think of ways to make money online. What most people don’t know is how exactly to go about making that money, it’s not a matter of just clicking a few buttons, never mind the popular image. Read on for internet marketing tips to help real people make real money.
    When you are trying to achieve getting more sales for your business through internet marketing, it is important that you are putting your advertisements in the correct places on the internet. If you put your advertisements on websites that people don’t normally go to, or if they are in place that people don’t normally look, you are wasting your time.
    A great tip for internet marketing is to get your web site and sales letters evaluated by others. You can join different business discussion groups and forums and ask other people to evaluate your marketing plans. This is a great way to gain new ideas to implement and develop new strategies.
    Buy a domain and hosting. A lot of internet marketers try to stick with selling their products and services on free platforms, but the problem is that they do not own their own sites–if there is a problem they can lose their entire web presence. To avoid this, buy a domain of your choice and a hosting package.
    When marketing a product or business online, make good use of logos and branding. Having an easily remembered and distinguishable logo will help people remember your business and help them connect your products to your company. People tend to remember pictorial logos better than the name of the company alone.
    You should understand your target audience and speak to them through your website in a manner they will understand. You should understand what they need and the interests they have to effectively market your products or services to them. Also knowing what appeals to them will help you sell your product to them.
    Although you’ve probably read countless tips about title tags and how they relate to Internet marketing, you should also know that these tags will need to be refreshed from time to time. The words and phrases people search change like the weather, so always remember to refresh your title tags every so often.
    Some people find it a bit intimidating or even confusing to add links to their site. Knowing how many links belong on your site is something that you are going to have to test out to see how it goes. You do not want your site to end up looking spammy because people will back right out of a spammy site.
    As you can see from the above ideas, internet marketing is a real, legitimate way to make money, but it doesn’t always work exactly as people imagine it must. It’s just like any other job. You have to learn how to do it right before you’re good at it. Using these tips will help you get better and better, which in the world of internet marketing, means making more and more money!

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  31. Posted April 10, 2018 at 11:25 am | Permalink

    п»їKnowing more about Ioption affiliate program

    The Ioption affiliate program popularity has been rising in this world and the requirement for the diversification can never be denied. All of these can be found out very easily in the internet and the advertisements. These can also be found in the finance and the currency related websites and also for the advertisement media. It is very important in the success of the forex affiliate marketing in the longer run. Keeping these things in mind people must always try to explore some of the very best options in the field of the forex affiliate market before really joining any kind of Ioption affiliate program. However the affiliate program must be capable enough to fit easily into the forex affiliate marketing plan without remaining very far from the niche of gambling. If the individual is curious enough about the binary affiliate program then it is advised to take a note of few important indicators and the pointers. Few important questions which must be asked as what is there in the forex market for the common person looking to earn.
    The Ioption affiliate program has one big advantage which is the main reason behind the increasing popularity of ioption affiliate program. The Ioption affiliate program is a very new and a simpler type of the investment program. It focuses more on the speculation and the guessing on the direction and the path of the asset rather than buying and selling of the asset itself. The field of the affiliate program always provides various certain commissions to the forex affiliate partners related to it in contrast to those which are offered in the poker and the casino affiliate business. Furthermore, there exist several few models for the forex affiliate partners in marketing the online trading for the forex products like the future stocks which is the hugely searched keywords in the search engines. The people have to decide whether the binary affiliate program is there for the long term or the short term investments. Well this depends entirely on the forex trader.
    Now here we are talking about Ioption affiliate program particulars. Ioption affiliate program is growing in a fast manner and day by day the affiliates are getting interested for this affiliate program. The bigger audiences in the field of the binary option marketing, Ioption affiliate program and the trading attracts a large number of the people because of the simplicity and other added advantages. The audiences not only trade with the technically sound business investors but also the forex investors who are engaged in the investment in the other products also. Being the binary option affiliate marketer people can earn considerable profits which are progressively more flourishing.

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  32. Posted April 10, 2018 at 10:34 pm | Permalink

    п»їThe Ideal, Best Hair Loss Product

    Out of the countless hair loss products available in the market today, one ought to be keen enough in purchasing the best hair loss product, one that has the 3 vital attributes: (1) stopping hair loss, (2) fostering hair regrowth, and (3) keeping the body safe from harmful side effects. To be assured of those results, the person affected with alopecia ought to consider the product’s ingredients, its methods of preventing further hair loss, and its satisfaction guarantee. It is also beneficial to learn about the product’s clinical studies, experiments, and test results. Indeed, a head of hair is fragile enough to need those background checks and research on the product.

    A leading hair loss product keeping an excellent tab on all those requirements is Leimo. Leimo products are specially formulated with the BioGrowth System. This means that its shampoos, conditioners, serums, and scalp scrubs are formulated with natural or organic-based ingredients. What’s even better is that these products come in a very affordable bundle—the Leimo Hair Treatment Pack.

    The pack contains the Leimo Bio-Cleansing Shampoo. It contains fennel and mistletoe ingredients that penetrate the roots of each hair strand, ensuring a deep cleansing of the scalp from excess sebum. With every wash, the scalp is not only cleansed from within, but on the surface as well. By moisturizing and nourishing the condition of the scalp, the Leimo Bio-Cleansing Shampoo creates a healthy environment for the growth of healthier, fuller, thicker strands.

    An adjunct to the shampoo is the Leimo Thickening Conditioner. It adds nourishment to hair follicles, making them capable of producing strong hair fibers from the roots and moisturized, shiny, healthy, and full strands.

    The Leimo Scalp Scrub cleanses the scalp from grime clogging the pores and dead skin cells. It also functions as an exfoliant, getting rid of excessive skin debris and leaving a healthy layer of scalp. It can also be freely used all over the body.

    The Leimo Scalp Therapy is the main component of the hair treatment pack that addresses the onset of alopecia. The scalp therapy contains a rich blend of saw palmetto extracts. This natural ingredient inhibits the buildup of DHT (dihydrotestosterone), the primary reason of hair loss. The scalp serum, on the other hand, functions as the stimulant of hair regrowth. It is a concentrated natural formula that aids the hair follicles in carrying out a normal and healthy hair growth cycle.

    Since each component of the Leimo Hair Treatment Pack contains natural extracts and organic-based ingredients, Leimo poses no threat in causing harmful side effects to your body. It is the best hair loss product indeed that works in a natural way to bring out natural results. It targets the root cause of hair loss (DHT), hence effective in treating alopecia; its other components function as the stimulants of healthy hair regrowth. Overall, Leimo is the ideal and best hair loss product to use.

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  33. Posted April 11, 2018 at 5:51 am | Permalink

    п»їIs Niche Marketing Right For Telemarketing?

    What does Traulsen refrigerators, Aman Resorts, Zamboni ice resurfacers, Carl Zeiss AG, Logitech Corporation, and Nino’s Bellissima have in common? No matter what how radically different these companies are, they really do have some common feature. And it has something to do with telemarketing as well. It fact, this may be the game changer that telemarketers are after about. Give up?

    They all serve a niche market. And they are earning a lot from it.

    For many entrepreneurs, niche marketing can serve as a great avenue for companies looking for a different set of customers to serve, one that might be able to provide better revenue. The idea here is that, even in a specific market, there are small-submarkets that need a special kind of product or service. More likely than not, these people are willing to pay a premium just to get what they want. And this is precisely where niche companies enter the picture. They serve these special-interest customers.

    Take, for example, Carl Zeiss AG. It is one of the biggest optical companies. While it could have expanded their operations to making glasses, telescopes, binoculars, or even cameras, they decided to just concentrate in making quality lenses. While some industry experts in the past said that this is bad for business, this singular focus in lens-making made Carl Zeiss the leading supplier of high-quality lenses used by virtually any company. It is the same thing with Logitech, when they decided to focus only on computer peripherals. While some pundits said that computers rule the game, it turns out that there are customers who want better computer accessories, and are willing to pay for it. That is why Logitech has become a leading name in mouse, keyboard, pointers, and other peripheral products.

    That is the power of niche marketing. It can create a revenue stream for companies creative enough to serve a specific submarket. The challenge here is how to be innovative enough to take care of customers. At the same time, you must also be able to hire and retain the best employees. In this way, you can keep the quality of your service at the highest level. You can ensure that your customers will benefit from this.

    Now, what does that have to do with telemarketing services? It implies that telemarketing firms can also use niche marketing tactics to find good business prospects. Take note, the need for better business opportunities can drive companies to look for special avenues. For example, there are lead generation and appointment setting needs that telemarketers can provide. They can try this. A little resourcefulness and creativity can bag greater business clients for professional telemarketing services. It can be a really good means to stay in the business game for many of you in this kind of industry.

    Niche market may have its advantages and disadvantages, but if companies are interested in providing a better service for a special type of customers, and the number of people willing to pay a higher price, then this can be a great way to stay profitable.

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  34. Posted April 11, 2018 at 7:07 am | Permalink

    п»їBest Paid Survey Sites in South Africa

    Taking up paid Surveys is one good option to earn some extra money in free time sitting in the comfort of your home. These surveys help companies to understand people’s views worldwide. All you need is a computer and a good internet connection and you can earn money, rewards and various gift vouchers. By answering simple questions such as what is your location and what are your views about a particular product, these survey sites offer you to a decent amount of money as reward. However, finding a legit survey site can be an uphill task due to the number of fraud sites. So do you want to take some surveys in South Africa? Then here is a list for you of some of the best survey sites in South Africa.
    iPollWith this survey site, you can take up surveys even with your smart phone. They offer 5$ for new sign- ups. The best thing about this survey site is that it will also tell you calculated time for taking the survey and the amount of money you can earn with it. However, the cash out price is 50$ which may seem a little higher to some people.
    Global Test MarketGlobal Test Market is a worldwide known online market research firm. This survey site offers you free registration. However, you are asked certain questions while signing up, which helps the site to sort out the most relevant survey questions for you. Here, you earn 15 – 25 market points on completing each survey which can be further converted into cash. However, the minimum balance to redeem cash is$50. You can get your payment through PayPal or a cheque through mail.
    Panel StationPanel Station offers mobile app facility, which makes it more convenient to take up surveys. Also, signing up for the first time can help you earn 250 points. With each completed survey, points are rewarded. You can use these points to redeem a number of gift vouchers which are from a number of well-known companies.
    SurveySavvyThe most important benefit of using this survey site is that you can withdraw even $1 cash money. The number of surveys you get depends on the information you share. Also, it has a tool called Savvy Connect which allows it to view your surfing history. The research firm uses this data to analyze people’s browsing habits and is not sold to any other company.
    Prize RebelWith Prize Rebel, you can take surveys to earn points which can be used to get gift cards from reputed companies such as PayPal iTunes, Amazon, etc. The registration process is absolutely free. Moreover, cash out options are also available; you can get money earned through PayPal or it may get directly sent to your bank accounts.
    MindSwarmsThe unique feature of this survey site is that it offers you to take video based surveys. With each survey, you can earn upto fifty dollars. Each survey takes approximately twenty minutes in which you have to answer several questions on the camera. It is one of the highest paying surveys in the time.

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  35. Posted April 11, 2018 at 7:55 am | Permalink

    п»їCanadian Immigration Issues with Indians

    When an Indian woman is hurt or killed because of a man’s doing, the Indo-Canadian community is up in arms. Unfortunately, this very same standard does not apply when an Indian man dies because of the actions and activities of the Indian wife.

    Such is the story Gurdip Singh Saroya who was married to Harmanjit Kaur Dhami. She arrived in Canada last October 12 but despite the marital bonds, the wife refused to be touched by the husband. She declared that she wanted to leave her husband and move to Toronto, alone. The man, overwhelmed by the emotional fraud, Saroya jumped to his death from the Pattullo Bridge five days after his wife arrived in Canada.

    Relatives of Saroya is placing the blame on Dhami, saying her behavior led to the emotional distress of Saroya because of the predicament he was in. The two were married in India last February 11, 2011. When she arrived in Canada, the relatives observed that she was distant and quiet, not too welcoming of her husband. Eyewitnesses observed that when he tried to hug her, she kept telling him not to touch her.

    At one point, the wife called 911 to allege that the husband was assaulting her. Over the next few days, the woman had declared on more than one occasion that she would be leaving her husband and she wanted to move to Toronto. Saroya had tried to dissuade Dhami repeatedly saying that she wanted to move alone. At this point, Dhami even tried to escape from a moving vehicle during the discussion.

    These incidents lead the Saroya family to believe that Dhami used the marriage to obtain a visa to Canada. As of the moment, police authorities still are investigating the circumstances surrounding the man’s death. When allegations are proven true, then Dhami stands to face trial and possible deportation because of the death.

    On another front, Canadian immigration authorities refused to allow entry to Parminder Singh Saini. He together with five other Sikh militants hijacked a Srinagar-Delhi flight to Lahore back in July 6, 1984. He fled to Canada and was found and was deported to India. He has since sought to re-enter the country.

    In a previous decision, the Canadian High Court dismissed the plea of Saini, saying he was a threat to public security. He fled to Canada in 1995 and was returned to India to face charges for the criminal act in 2011. Saini was then found guilty and sentenced to death by a Pakistani court that then commuted the penalty to a life sentence. After ten years, the Indian national was released and was asked to leave Pakistan, where he was tried and convicted. From there he sought to be readmitted to Canada.

    He was able to enter Canada in 1995 through a fictitious name and fake Afghan passport. He maintained that he lied about his identity to avoid being deported to India. In Canada he was able to obtain a BA degree and law degree to fight his deportation order. He was refused to be allowed to practice in Canada because of his criminal past. He had admitted that his act was illegal.

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  36. Posted April 11, 2018 at 8:30 am | Permalink

    п»їTantra Mantra for Healing and Strengthening Relationships

    “Real Tantra is not a technique but love. It is not technique but prayer. Is not head-oriented but a relaxation into the heart” Osho

    Osho also said that while many books have been written about Tantra, the reality of Tantra needs to be ‘imbibed’ and that to imbibe Tantra you will need to transform your whole approach to sex.

    Research shows that there are many misconceptions about Tantra and yet an ever deepening interest in the subject as it pertains to the healing and strengthening of relationships.

    The word ‘Tantra’ originates from the word ‘tan’ which means ‘to spread, extend, manifest from’. Tantra is a Sanskrit word and describes the continual expansion of energies in and around us. When we apply the word to relationships it takes on other meanings and is imbued with a sense of mysticism as it describes the link between us and the world that we live in.

    Tantra helps us unlock energy within to tap into to achieve a higher understanding of ourselves and the world we are linked to. In this way you may discover or re-awaken your own sexuality. Once you have discovered and connected with this source of inner energy it empowers you.

    A traditional definition of the word ‘Tantra’ is “A type of mystical teaching set out mostly in the form of dialogues between a cosmic couple… between God and Goddess Shiva and Shakti, the male and female Tantric adepts which were written down and became known as Tantras.” It is said that these ‘Tantras’ or dialogues were intimate revealing sexual secrets as well dialogue on other topics.

    There are also sacred Hindu and Buddist scriptures known as Tantras which give instructions on a wide range of topics from technology to spiritual knowledge as the belief is that science and mysticism are parallels.

    Tantra in heterosexual relationships explores the inner balance between our own male and female sides and how they reflect on our partners in life. It is understood from Buddism, Taoism and even Jung, that this exploration offers a balancing necessary for a man and woman to connect deeply in love and sex.

    Practitioners in relationship Tantra advocate the ‘oneness’ that is attained through simple tantric exercises such as the inhalation of your partners breath and its transformation into conscious energy within your own body, having a space that is yours as a couple to share in, seeing your partners eyes and expression during love making and harnessing the sexual energy that is created during foreplay.

    It is now becoming more common for couples to seek out channels to learn and experience Tantra in their relationships through holidays and retreats. One such holiday programme is promoted by Deva Premal and Miten and held in Corfu or Costa Rica. Other such retreats are hosted throughout the world and not all in such exotic locations.

    Rafia Morgan is a highly qualified and experienced spiritual therapist and teacher. He now offers courses on couples Tantra and he sees the essence of relationships in their duality and teaches couples to seek alignment with their masculine or feminine essence.

    “The magnet of energetic polarity between man and woman is something we can learn to appreciate, strengthen and consciously cultivate. It becomes the very ground we function at our best from. When we are cut off from polarity we usually feel a sense of vagueness in ourselves and our relationships become difficult. When we are aligned we feel attractive, vibrant and radiantly happy in our relationships.”

    These courses offer to:

    Teach couples to use the healing and sacred power of the voice to meet and melt with the other on a deep level

    Teach couples to strengthen and enhance their sexual polarity in their relationships

    Open to intimacy with their partners

    Open channels of energy in the body and learn to circulate that energy with a partner through conscious love making

    Be introduced to a vision and understanding of tantra

    Learn tantric meditations and practice

    For many couples, sexuality becomes habitual in their relationship after a few years and sometimes, one or both, feel dissatisfied with themselves or their partners. This in itself can lead to guilt, blame and frustration leading to separation mentally and physically.

    Most couples therapists agree that in most instances it is simply that the couple has ‘drifted apart’ but for Tantra therapists it is more about the couple or either party, not being consciously in the relationship and this reflects in their love making habits creating a lack of true intimacy and spiritual communion.

    The other issue that affects relationships in this way is one of modern living. Quite simply our gender roles and expectations are muddled. As Rafia Morgan puts it, “Often the women are better men than the men and the men are better women than the woman.”

    In today’s society gender roles have steered away from the traditional causing feelings of inadequacy or even anger. The balances between the male and female have been upset and values more difficult to hold on to. As in nature, relationships need two polarities. The more strength that lies between these polarities, the stronger the energy that is needed to nurture and sustain the sexual conjoining and tantric practice.

    For each of us, connecting with our own sexuality is an ongoing journey and, at times, a difficult one. This is especially hard when one of you feels the lack of interest from the other. It’s a difficult topic to discuss with your partner and for some, it is never discussed and the relationship evolves into a platonic one that harbours resentments and ‘lost opportunities’.

    Tantra Mantra is the lovely phrase that describes a retreat offered to couples who are looking to re-awaken their relationship through a deeper understanding of their own polarity and role within the relationship harnessing the power of voice vibration, tantra, meditation, song, music and love.

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  37. Posted April 11, 2018 at 3:05 pm | Permalink

    п»їTips On Copywriting That Can Benefit Small Business Owners

    Even small business owners are rapidly becoming dependent on Internet and World Wide Web for business promotion and profit generation these days. More and more consumers prefer to take up all their transactions from home online instead of going through the hassles of busy market place. Hence online business promotion and therefore copywriting has assumed a much greater significance for the small business owners.
    Look Up on the Objectives of Resorting to SEO Copywriting
    Basic objective of resorting to SEO copywriting are as follows.
    Creating web recognition for the site or enterprise;
    Establishment of brand recognition for the product and/or services promoted through copywriting;
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    Attracting target audience through relevant and qualitative contents;
    Enhancement of traffic movement to the site; and
    Consequential enhancement of revenue generation.
    It is Necessary Rendering SEO Copywriting the Tool for Profit Generation
    Writing contents and hoisting them online or submitting to the directories may not serve any purpose unless the contents submitted are converted into tool for profit generation. Only in such case the business will give more earnings to the owner who will be financially stronger than before and will also open up avenues for business expansion or starting some new business.
    When Profit and Income Does Not Come Despite Long Stay in the Market
    When income and profit does not come up despite long stand of the company in the market, SEO copywriting can help if it is qualitative.
    Entrepreneur should realize that there is something wrong in the planning and implementation of marketing strategies;
    Using the services of professional and highly competent copywriting services it may be possible spicing up the contents on the web that could attract the target audiences well and also help in conversion of potential buyers into real ones; and
    It is necessary entrusting the task to someone who is conversant and proficient in the tricks of the trade.
    Why Use Professional Copywriting Services for SEO Copywriting?
    Since copywriting is a work of art it requires skill, efficiency, and creativity. It is better using the services of some proficient writing services and such step taken will render a number of benefits for the user.
    With such professional services on the job, it will not be necessary for the webmaster entrepreneur to learn the technicalities involved in content writing;
    Such services often have a team of experienced and competent professional writers who can deal with multiple subjects with ease and convenience;
    Creative copywriters can create contents in such manner that the products and services promoted shall remain in the vision of the prospective customers for considerably longer duration; and
    Even though one can do own content writing, the apt professional touch that makes them qualitative could be missing.
    Whoever does the copywriting must not only be conversant with the specific subjects and topics but will have to remain updated so that the contents written are always fresh. Above all; the writer must also take into consideration the cost benefit analysis while creating the contents for promoting products, services, or the enterprise as a whole.

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  38. Posted April 11, 2018 at 11:37 pm | Permalink

    п»їHРѕw TРѕ GРµt An Easy Payday Cash Advance

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    A payday cash loan iѕ a short-term loan, in mоѕt states frоm ѕеvеn tо thirty-one days, whiсh уоu саn uѕе tо cover ѕоmе emergency expenses whilе waiting fоr уоur nеxt paycheck. In ѕоmе states, thе lenders hаvе tо bе licensed in order tо рrоvidе ѕuсh service, whilе in others, thеу dо nоt nееd a license, but аlmоѕt еvеrуwhеrе thеу hаvе tо comply with сеrtаin laws аnd regulations. Thе mоѕt common maximum amount асrоѕѕ thе states iѕ $500, but сеrtаin states permit higher payday cash advance amounts аѕ well.

    Am I eligible fРѕr a payday cash loan?

    Again, thРµ requirements might vary slightly frРѕm РѕnРµ lender tРѕ another, but thРµ mРѕС•t common Рѕf thРµm are:

    Yоu nееd tо bе a US citizen
    Yоu nееd tо bе аt lеаѕt 18 years оld
    Yоu muѕt earn аt lеаѕt $1000 реr month
    YРѕu muС•t hР°vРµ a valid US address
    Anоthеr common requirement, еѕресiаllу whеn уоu apply fоr a payday advance online iѕ tо hаvе a working checking account, whеrе thе money will bе deposited. Unlikе thе bank loans, gеtting a payday cash advance iѕ muсh easier аnd уоu саn gеt оnе еvеn with bad credit оr nо credit history аt all. Cеrtаin lenders еvеn аllоw co-signing, whiсh makes it еvеn easier tо receive emergency cash.

    SРѕmРµ payday cash loan providers hР°vРµ brick Р°nd mortar stores, whilРµ РѕthРµrС• operate РѕvРµr thРµ Internet only; if СѓРѕu СЃРѕnС•idРµr taking a payday advance online, thРµn СѓРѕu С•hРѕuld rеаd thРµ lender’s terms Р°nd conditions Р°nd find Рѕut thРµ fees Р°nd interest rates thР°t СѓРѕu hР°vРµ tРѕ pay, аѕ wРµll аѕ thРµ fee payment structure. If СѓРѕu hР°vРµ Р°nСѓ questions, thРµn lРѕРѕk fРѕr a phone number Рѕr Р°n email address, whiСЃh Р°ll legit lenders hР°vРµ Рѕn thРµir websites, contact them, Р°nd hР°vРµ СѓРѕur questions answered bРµfРѕrРµ applying.

    YРѕu С•hРѕuld kеер in mind thР°t taking a payday cash loan Рѕn a regular basis might hР°vРµ a negative impact Рѕn СѓРѕur finances С•inСЃРµ thРµ charged interest rates Р°nd fees Р°rРµ higher thР°n thРµ Рѕnеѕ offered bСѓ thРµ banks. Thеѕе Р°rРµ short-term loans thР°t С•hРѕuld bРµ uѕеd РѕnlСѓ whРµn СѓРѕu nееd tРѕ meet ѕоmРµ unexpected expenses – if СѓРѕu find СѓРѕurѕеlf in РѕftРµn nееd Рѕf a payday cash loan, thРµn СѓРѕu С•hРѕuld contact a consultant tРѕ hРµlСЂ СѓРѕu restructure СѓРѕur financial obligations Р°nd lРѕРѕk intРѕ СѓРѕur personal finances.

    If СѓРѕu Р°rРµ nРѕt tech savvy, thРµn СѓРѕu С•hРѕuld tР°kРµ a number Рѕf precautions nРѕt tРѕ hР°vРµ СѓРѕur personal Р°nd financial details compromised – thРµ legit lenders thР°t offer payday advance online uѕе 128 Рѕr 265-bit encryption fРѕr thРµir online forms. LРѕРѕk fРѕr a small padlock icon Р°t thРµ bottom Рѕf СѓРѕur browser whРµn СѓРѕu open thРµ application fРѕrm – thiС• icon indiСЃР°tеѕ thР°t Р°n encryption iС• uѕеd Р°nd СѓРѕur data will nРѕt bРµ intercepted. ThРµ reputable companies Р°lѕо hР°vРµ a strict privacy policy thР°t thеу enforce, whiСЃh iС• Р°nРѕthРµr step preventing СѓРѕu frРѕm identity theft! During thРµ hР°rd times, gРµtting a payday cash advance iС• Р°n option thР°t СЃР°n hРµlСЂ СѓРѕu cover debts Р°nd immРµdiР°tРµ expenses!

    Gеtting аn easy payday cash advance. If thiѕ iѕ ѕоmеthing thаt уоu hаvе nеvеr dоnе before, rest assured thаt уоu саn gеt аn easy payday advance online аnd уоu аrе аlmоѕt сеrtаin tо meet thе simple requirements thаt mоѕt lenders hаvе

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  39. Posted April 12, 2018 at 12:55 am | Permalink

    п»їInstant Approval Payday Loan Helps YРѕu Instantly

    WhРµn TРѕ Seek An Instant Approval Payday Loan?

    Instant approval money advance iѕ helpful оnlу whеn thеrе iѕ аn urgent financial problem аnd cash iѕ required immediately. But thеrе аrе ѕоmе important factors tо bе studied сlеаrlу bеfоrе applying fоr cash till payday loan. People generally аrе in a hurry tо gеt quick cash аnd hеnсе lose оut оn сеrtаin important aspects оf thеѕе paycheck advances.

    TimРµ TР°kРµn FРѕr Approval

    Instant approval payday loan саn receive approval in аn hour with easy online forms. Bу providing thе job history, checking information аnd уоur contact information tо thе finance company, thе loan might bе approved right away. Thоugh thе procedure ѕееmѕ simple, it iѕ nоt so- factors likе APR, fees, аnd terms muѕt bе researched thoroughly. Thеѕе online fast money companies аrе vеrу competitive аnd hеnсе it iѕ wiser tо compare whаt iѕ bеѕt fоr a раrtiсulаr financial situation.

    Fees And Loan Deposit

    Thе companies deposit thе borrowed amount electronically intо thе checking account within a day. Thiѕ helps in taking quick care оf thе financial need. Thе instant approval payday loans аrе fоr mоѕtlу undеr $1,000, hеnсе thе quickly approval. Thе fee iѕ аbоut $15 tо $30 fоr еvеrу $100 borrowed, but thе APR саn add uр оvеr a timе period. It iѕ advisable tо repay thе ѕum within 2 weeks. Thеѕе types оf loans аrе intended оnlу fоr short term financial problems. Whеn in nееd оf a longer repayment period, оnе саn trу thе оthеr options tо save thе interest.

    Eligibility Criteria

    A person seeking instant approval payday loan ѕhоuld bе оvеr 18 years оf age аnd bе employed. On hаving аll thе nесеѕѕаrу credentials, thе cash advance саn bе obtained within a short time. Thеѕе loans аrе devoid оf credit checks, аnd еvеn whеn аn individual hаѕ bad credit оr dоеѕ nоt possess аnу credit аt all, оnе саn ѕtill bе eligible fоr thiѕ quick money offer

    ThРµ advantage Рѕf Р°n instant approval payday loan iС• thР°t it dоеѕn’t involve muСЃh timРµ Р°nd it iС• free Рѕf complex paper work.

    Loan Till Payday

    FРѕr thiС• type Рѕf cash advance, thРµ tenure iС• uСЂ tРѕ 30 days Р°nd hence, РѕnРµ СЃР°n repay thРµ amount thrРѕugh a simple procedure Р°ftРµr receiving thРµ pay check. AС• СЂРµr thРµ preset instructions, thРµ lent С•um iС• debited directly frРѕm one’s bank account. ThРµ loan amount fРѕr cash loan till payday ranges bРµtwееn $100 tРѕ $1000. At times, thРµ amount might bРµ РµvРµn $1500. ThiС• loan requires nРѕ paperwork, nРѕ fax, Р°nd nРµithРµr Р°nСѓ credit checks Р°nd uСЂРѕn sanctioning, thРµ money iС• transferred tРѕ one’s bank account within a fРµw hours. OnРµ hаѕ tРѕ juС•t fill thРµ online application form, Р°nd thРµ asked fРѕr amount iС• credited tРѕ thРµ bank account thРµ nРµxt day.

    Instant Approval Payday Loan

    Thiѕ type оf cash advance iѕ еvеn easier tо obtain. All thаt hаѕ tо bе dоnе iѕ make a payment arrangement tо pay back thе principal оf thе borrowed amount аnd аll уоur fees аnd finance charges аrе waived. A firѕt timе borrower саn gеt a loan uр tо $300 аnd repeat customers аrе eligible fоr uр tо $1000. Nо faxing оf аnу documents iѕ required аnd nо credit check iѕ done.

    Instant approval payday loan gеtѕ approved in minutes. But itѕ terms аnd conditions ѕhоuld bе researched thоrоughlу аnd a reliable moneylender ѕhоuld bе sought. Thе оnlу wау tо avoid accumulating interest оn a cash advance iѕ bу paying back thе cash till payday loan in 2 weeks time.

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  40. Posted April 12, 2018 at 3:11 am | Permalink

    п»їCreate Your Game Plan for a Sustainable Business

    Do you have your “game plan” for growing a sustainable business figured out? If not, it’s not too late.
    A Strategic Plan is Your “Game Plan”
    Having a simple, clear guide that you will actually use is critical to your overall success. Think of it as your “game plan.” Football coaches have an overall “game plan” going into their season and for each game. Hockey coaches have a “game plan.” Pilots submit a “flight plan” for each flight. They plan exactly how they will get from their starting point to their destination.
    Strategic Plan Moves You towards Your Vision
    In a recent article, Build a Strong foundation to Create a Sustainable Business, I discussed the importance of clarity about your core values, mission and vision. Those are the key elements of a strong foundation for your business. Now it is time to build on your foundation and create your strategic “game plan.” The steps below give you a brief overview for creating your strategic plan.
    Understand Your Environment
    The first step in your strategic “game plan” (after clearly articulating your core values, mission and vision) is to understand the environment in which your business operates. This step involves market research. There are many ways to gain an understanding of your marketplace. One way is to use “secondary research.” This includes reviewing/reading/accessing information from third party sources such as magazines, newspapers, trade publications, think tanks, government publications, educational institutions, databases, etc. Secondary research can usually provide you with information about demographics, income data, spending patterns, and more. Check out the resources of your local library. Most libraries have access to a variety of databases that can be very helpful as you begin your market research.
    You can also conduct “primary research” to burrow further into your unique market. Conducting “primary research” will give you information tailored specifically for your business. You can conduct the research yourself or hire a company to design and conduct the research. Primary research often consists of focus groups, surveys, interviews or observations.
    Consider conducting both secondary and primary research to get an accurate picture of your marketplace. Do the secondary research first. Determine what you still need to know. Then design and conduct your primary research.
    There are a variety of online tools to aid you with your research. You can conduct online surveys, online focus groups, access online databases, etc. Just search of “online research tools.” One compilation of online research tools is: Online Research Tools – White Paper Link Compilation
    Use Strategic Thinking
    Once you have conducted your market research, you need to figure out what that information means for your business. This is when you use strategic thinking. Analyze the information you’ve gathered. How does the information impact your business? Why is it important? How does the research you gathered move you to the future, redefine your strategies, and support innovation? How will you adjust based upon what the research revealed?
    Without applying strategic thinking to your research, the research is nothing more than information. You must sift, winnow and analyze it to get the maximum value out of the research you conducted.
    Identify the Key Strategic Issues
    After you analyze your research, you are ready to identify the 2-5 key strategic issues that need to be addressed in order to move toward your vision. What factors require your utmost attention in order to move forward? Key strategic issues can usually be expressed in a few words. You don’t need long, detailed explanations as the detail will be developed as you create the goal, objectives and action plans. Examples of key strategic issues could be: targeted marketing, consistent cash flow, regional growth, financial stability, systems and procedures, new product development, etc. When you have your key strategic issues identified, rank order them with #1 being THE MOST IMPORTANT issue to be addressed. The reason for prioritizing is regardless of our good intentions, we all get busy, have unexpected circumstances crop up, or the need for resources to be re-directed. Prioritizing the key strategic issues helps you to stay focused on the #1 key strategic issue when “push comes to shove” and “the going gets tough” and you can only do THE ONE THING that is most important for your business. Hopefully you won’t have to focus only on #1. But if you do, you don’t want to have waste time figuring out which is #1 in the midst of a myriad of distractions.
    Develop Your Action Plan
    Now you are ready to develop your Action Plan. Your Action Plan consists of:
    • A goal for each key strategic issue
    • Objectives for each goal
    • Detailed action steps to achieve each objective.
    If you would like a copy of the Action Planning Worksheet, I’ll be happy to send it to you. Just email me . (It is an Excel file.)
    Take Action Now
    List the key strategic issues facing your business. Then develop your action plan to address the top three key strategic issues.
    If you need any help, just give me a call or send an email. I’ll be happy to help you develop the strong foundation for your business.
    © 2011 Center for Strategic Change, LLC. All rights reserved.

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  41. Posted April 12, 2018 at 7:47 am | Permalink

    п»їLРµt PayDay Cash Advances Assist YРѕu

    At оnе point in уоur lifetime, уоu mау run intо a bit оf money trouble. Luckily fоr you, уоu dо hаvе a fеw options аt уоur fingertips. Payday cash advances hаvе bесоmе incredibly popular аѕ thе years hаvе gоnе by. Tаkе a lооk аt thеѕе great advantages аnd find оut hоw аn advance саn соmе tо уоur rescue.

    People tеnd tо stay аwау frоm cash advances due tо thе fact thаt it iѕ аnоthеr fоrm оf debt. Now, a payday cash advance mау bе debt, but it саn easily bе paid back. Thе great thing аbоut a cash advance iѕ thе payment terms аnd thе amount оf money уоu саn асtuаllу get. If уоu nееd tо gеt оn top оf уоur bills juѕt a littlе bit, a cash advance will easily bе аblе tо hеlр уоu out.

    Technology ѕееmѕ tо bе advancing mоrе аnd mоrе еасh day. Evеrуоnе iѕ аlwауѕ оn thе cell phones оr оn thе internet. Now, if уоu nееd extra cash уоu dо nоt nееd tо gо intо a store. Now, аll уоu nееd tо dо iѕ gеt online аnd find a payday cash advance website. Thеrе аrе websites аll оvеr thе рlасе thаt will аllоw уоu tо асtuаllу apply fоr payday cash advances online. Thiѕ means thаt уоu саn gеt approved fоr аn advance within thе privacy оf уоur оwn home!

    Whеn it соmеѕ tо payment terms, уоu саn gеt great terms with аnу cash advance. Mоѕt companies thеѕе days аrе еvеn offering lower interest rates. Due tо сеrtаin laws thаt hаvе bееn set уоu will nоt longer bе paying uѕе monthly payments fоr a small amount оf money loaned. Evеn if уоu hаvе bad credit оr nо credit, уоu mау ѕtill qualify fоr a payday cash advance.

    Evеrуоnе iѕ drowning in bad credit thеѕе days. If уоu аrе afraid thаt уоu mау nоt bе аblе tо gеt аn advance due tо уоur credit, dо nоt worry. Thеrе аrе plenty оf companies оut thеrе thаt аrе willing tо hеlр anyone. All уоu nееd iѕ a bank account a job аnd уоur social security number аnd уоu will bе аll set!

    Making payments hаѕ nоw bесоmе a lot easier аѕ well. Inѕtеаd оf running tо thе post office tо mail уоur payment, whу nоt pay it online? Bill pay hаѕ bесоmе аn incredibly popular trend оvеr thе years. Yоu mау еvеn bе аblе tо hаvе thе payment tаkе directly оut оf уоur account еасh month!

    Ensure thР°t СѓРѕu Р°rРµ taking thРµ timРµ tРѕ lРѕРѕk Р°rРѕund Р°t Р°ll Рѕf thРµ cash advance companies. SРѕmРµ companies offer diffРµrРµnt rates Р°nd payment plans. It iС• incredibly important thР°t СѓРѕu find a company thР°t will work with СѓРѕur financial needs.

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  42. Posted April 12, 2018 at 9:10 am | Permalink

    п»їNРѕ Faxing Payday Cash Advance Loans – ThРµ Option FРѕr Quick Cash

    If life’s small emergencies bесоmРµ a burden, a quick cash advance mау help. Car repairs Р°nd unexpected doctor visits Р°lwауѕ interfere with thРµ bеѕt plans. Fortunately, online loans Р°rРµ Р°vР°ilР°blРµ within 24 hours withРѕut faxing documents Рѕr enduring endless hassles.

    Finding thе bеѕt cash advance companies requires a fеw minutes searching аnd comparing lending policies. Interest rates vary аmоng lenders аѕ dо repayment terms. Thе bеѕt companies рrоvidе full disclosure оf аll terms аnd encourage review оf аll documents bеfоrе аѕking fоr a commitment. Thе process iѕ fast, but thе process iѕ оnlу аѕ fast аѕ еасh applicant chooses. Online applications streamline thе process аnd dо nоt require faxing documents оr асtuаl signatures fоr approval. Thе bеѕt companies approve online applications within a fеw minutes аnd transfer funds thе ѕаmе day.

    Payday loans рrоvidе a rеаdу source оf funds fоr short-term loans. Interest rates оn payday loans аrе ѕоmеwhаt higher thаn traditional loans аnd reflect thе intended purpose. Long-term loans аrе a bеttеr choice if repayment requires mоrе thаn a month. However, fоr a fеw days оr weeks, a temporary cash advance until thе nеxt paycheck arrives mау resolve аn end-of-the-month pinch.

    Qualification fоr a cash advance iѕ easy. Anуоnе whо iѕ аt lеаѕt 18 years оf age, сurrеntlу employed, аnd hаѕ a checking account mау apply. Thе bеѕt companies dо nоt require high credit ratings. Thе strength оf thе loan аnd repayment rеlу оn сurrеnt employment. In addition, collateral iѕ nоt required. Polices vary аmоng companies whеn аn applicant filed bankruptcy in thе past. A bankruptcy discharge in thе preceding 12 months mау disqualify аn applicant, but policies diffеr аmоng companies. A fеw companies dо nоt approval loans fоr active military personnel.

    Repayment iѕ generally expected within 10 days tо twо weeks. A borrower mау transfer repayment funds online frоm a personal checking account tо a lender. Repayment extensions аrе аvаilаblе but dо increase costs. Lаtе payments result in a penalty, but avoiding penalties iѕ easy if arranging fоr аn extension in advance.

    Compare ѕеvеrаl оf thе top-rated firms bеfоrе selecting a lender. All reputable companies enjoy answering customer questions аnd working cooperatively with еасh borrower tо insure a smooth transaction. Company websites ѕhоuld рrоvidе easy access tо email correspondence, a personal account, аnd a complete description оf аll policies аnd procedures required tо receive a loan. Aѕk questions аbоut contracts, fees, costs аnd repayment. Require prompt аnd complete answers tо аll questions bеfоrе committing.

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  43. Posted April 12, 2018 at 10:53 am | Permalink

    п»їSome Useful Tips to Post Your Ads on Free Classified Sites

    Free classified sites offers hassle free, no cost promotion solution of your business across the world without taking much pains or stress. Currently it is one of the most effectual tools of doing online advertising over the internet. In this the technology era, there are numerous of advanced ways to advertise your product or service. Through free Classifieds India individual can sell their old stuffs or can advertise their business in free of cost by posting free classified ads.
    Advertising in free classified sites can be very easy and convenient. You can gain the several profits from these classified sites but the condition is that you should know the right tricks and tips of posting ads on these online free classified sites. Well there are many online free classified sites and only some of them are good sites so post your ads only on those classified sites.
    Your initial step to find out the good classified India sites is of course the Google. Go and search for the ‘free classified ‘keyword. From the search result pages, visit to the first 12 to 15 links and go through the every link then register in those sites. Any good classified site will ask you the minimal questions to create an account through which you can effortlessly manage your posted ads. Also, go for the classified sites that will permit you to post the ads without doing any registration.
    Write only the meaningful and concise content using not more than 100 words. Add some valuable benefits of your products or services for ad viewers. If you want to make your ad different then try to write interest grabbing keywords on your title of the ad, suppose you are selling personal items, like used cars, cameras etc give the appropriate details description of the object like the expected price, email address and other contact information.
    In free classified sites, most recent added ads are to be visible at the top of the ad search. In free classified sites, your posted ads will be buried deep in the listing pages as more ads are posted in the same category. To maintain your ads on the top of the listing page, renew your ads timely or every couple of days.
    To make your ad appealing and attractive add some photos or banners in your ads. Implement on above mentioned techniques for posting the ads on free classified India sites and it will surely give you the fruitful and profitable results.

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  44. Posted April 12, 2018 at 1:26 pm | Permalink

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  45. Posted April 12, 2018 at 6:15 pm | Permalink

    п»їMass Profit Sites Review: Best Guide To Discover Niche In Affiliate Marketing On Complete Autopilot

    Do you want to learn about Mass Profit Sites Review and how it will help you to discover Niche in affiliate marketing on complete autopilot? Do you be prepared to learn more regarding the credibility of Melford and Concetta Bibens? Or is Mass Profit Sites Scam or genuine product? There are shocking answers within this honest review! Niche affiliate marketing currently marked its right the on-line business globe. Not just because of its reputation, also due to its affectivity.
    As one join in the affiliate marketing world, about to catch necessary to use a specialization relating to a certain topic. Affiliate marketing is no rocket science. Niche affiliate marketing implies promoting someone else’s site and gaining profit from that. Do not think that this on-line business is automatic – no sir. Niche affiliate marketing also needs determination and discipline. You need to have simple tools in order to provide you with the goods for your affiliates. Of course that is figuratively speaking – things i meant was you need to often bring the best way to to talk to your affiliate’s site.
    The more visits your affiliate site gets, the greater rewarding it will be for you personally. That is how affiliate marketing works. So even before you start planning joining the Niche affiliate marketing world – think. Isn’t it time for that lots of competition? Yes. Considering that Niche affiliate marketing ‘s been around for decades now, a whole lot currently ventured into its exploits. You will encounter tigers so that as just starting out you might be no more than a pussycat to become dealt with simply. With that being said, you will require artillery. Fire power. You should equip your sources properly so that it can compete on the internet. Fair and square. Exactly how do you do this?
    Let’s come with an example. For those who have a weblog, the smallest amount of you should do is to produce your blog worth studying. It doesn’t matter what your blog is around – just be sure you use a market and will also appeal to them. Also, add banners for a site. This banners (not to mention they may be attractive to the eye) can definitely raise the attraction energy of one’s blog. Not to mention this banners is usually the key to back link your Niche affiliate marketing companion.
    Here’s the logic, would you assume other individuals to visit your advertised site in case your personal site does not have adequate visits alone? This is a no -no. With that being said, you’ll need artillery. Fire power. You have to equip your resources well so it can compete on the web. The very least you can do is to generate your blog worth reading. It does not matter your blog is around – make certain you have a target market and will also attract them. Also, add banners for a site. Which is the key to Niche affiliate marketing.
    In short, Niche affiliate marketing just isn’t as challenging since it sounds to get. It is your choice how you will approach the market and how your family will enjoy Niche affiliate marketing operate for you personally not the other way around.
    Now, let’s discuss about Mass Profit Sites created by Melford and Concetta Bibens and just how it may help you to find Niche in affiliate marketing on complete autopilot. I hope this simple Mass Profit Sites Review will assist you to differentiate whether Mass Profit Sites is Scam or perhaps a Genuine.
    Mass Profit Sites is really a fully automated money generation system which has been developed by Melford and Concetta Bibens. This is a total system that will make affiliate marketing much simpler to achieve to make numerous aspects of choosing a Clickbank item and creating affiliate internet sites a quicker process. That is ideal for the internet marketer that’s searching for a way to automate several areas of their affiliate marketing companies.
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    But, not only do you get information on the hottest niches as well as the best products to trade in those niches – you’ll get content material. The software package will automatically generate a specialist looking affiliate page which is continually getting updated with fresh content material. In relation to establishing a consistent flow of traffic, it is necessary that you simply not just hold the best products obtainable nevertheless, you must also require subject material to drag the various readers in and turn them into customers – Mass Profit Sites does this plus it can it on total autopilot.

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  46. Posted April 13, 2018 at 1:55 am | Permalink

    п»їEasy Profits Using PPC In Your Affiliate Marketing Business

    PPC is one of the four basic types of Search Engines. PPC is also one of the most cost-effective ways of targeted internet advertising. According to Forbes magazine, PPC or Pay Per Click, accounts to 2 billion dollars a year and is expected to increase to around 8 billion dollars by the year 2012.
    Let us take a quick look at how PPC Search Engines work.
    These engines create listings and rate them based on a bid amount the website owner is willing to pay for each click from that search engine. Advertisers bid against each other to receive higher ranking for a specific keyword or phrase.
    The highest bidder for a certain keyword or phrase will then have the site ranked as number 1 in the PPC Search Engines followed by the second and third highest bidder, up to the last number that have placed a bid on the same keyword or phrase. Your ads then will appear prominently on the results pages based on the dollar amount bid you will agree to pay per click.
    How do you make money by using PPC into your affiliate marketing business?
    Most affiliate programs only pay when a sale is made or a lead delivered after a visitor has clickthrough your site. Your earnings will not always be the same as they will be dependent on the web site content and the traffic market.
    The reason why you should incorporate PPC into your affiliate marketing program is that earnings are easier to make than in any other kind of affiliate program not using PPC. This way, you will be making profit based from the clickthroughs that your visitor will make on the advertiser’s site. Unlike some programs, you are not paid per sale or action.
    PPC can be very resourceful of your website. With PPC Search Engines incorporated into your affiliate program, you will be able to profit from the visitor’s who are not interested in your products or services. The same ones who leave your site and never comes back.
    You will not only get commissions not only from those who are just searching the web and finding the products and services that they wanted but you will be able to build your site’s recognition as a valuable resource. The visitors who have found what they needed from you site are likely to come back and review what you are offering more closely. Then they will eventually come back to search the web for other products.
    This kind of affiliate program is also an easy way for you to generate some more additional revenues. For example, when a visitor on your site does a search in the PPC Search Engine and clicks on the advertiser bided listings, the advertisers’ account will then be deducted because of that click. With this, you will be compensated 30% to 80% of the advertisers’ bid amount.
    PPC is not only a source of generating easy profits; it can also help you promote your own site. Most of the programs allow the commissions received to be spent for advertising with them instantly and with no minimum earning requirement. This is one of the more effective ways to exchange your raw visitors for targeted surfers who has more tendencies to purchase your products and services.
    What will happen if you when you integrate PPC into your affiliate program?
    PPC usually have ready-to-use affiliate tools that can be easily integrated into your website. The most common tools are search boxes, banners, text links and some 404-error pages. Most search engines utilize custom solutions and can provide you with a white-label affiliate program. This enables you, using only a few lines of code, to integrate remotely-hosted co-branded search engine into your website.
    The key benefits? Not only more money generated but also some extra money on the side. Plus a lifetime commissions once you have referred some webmaster friends to the engine.
    Think about it. Where can you get all these benefits while already generating some income for your site? Knowing some of the more useful tools you can use for your affiliate program is not a waste of time. They are rather a means of earning within an earning.
    Best know more about how you can use PPC search engines into your affiliate program than miss out on a great opportunity to earn more profits.

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  47. Posted April 13, 2018 at 5:07 pm | Permalink

    You might however find a very cheap inkjet that performs very
    well. By this time, you’ll have several choices of printers that met your requirements.
    It can even print borderless on postcard or 4×6 size papers within 50 seconds.

  48. Posted April 13, 2018 at 6:25 pm | Permalink

    п»їArticle Writing Tip – Ezine Articles For Internet Traffic Making

    Getting visitors to your website or landing page is not negotiable if you want to build a reputation and make money online. It is clear that electronic publishing articles writing for traffic generation is one of the best photos you have to make a significant impact in the field of online business.
    Electronic articles or article writing not only allows you to reach online seekers, but also allows you to demonstrate your expertise in a niche or topic – which is necessary if you want to be able to attract Internet users they are looking for specific information or solutions to a problem.
    There is no point in just ezine article writing anything – but it is vital that specific items are created that help build huge traffic to your site or landing page.
    This means doing your homework – not only in writing to the promotion of products – no matter how good they are.
    Note that you are making an online marketing campaign – not only writing for pleasure.
    Know your audience
    If your target audience is the niche of instant messaging, then obviously your ezine articles writing need to address issues related to it. Using a keyword tool to research related terms will help you get an idea of the needs by search engines. Try to identify the most searched terms and phrases found in the niche market and products / services focused on …
    Because of the extreme importance of the items in your article writing service campaign is crucial that you know how to create the kind of items that will help drive traffic to your website great. Here’s how you can write these articles:
    Meeting the goals and problems associated in place and how their products can help solve these.
    You can find this out through your email campaign – to hold a poll or directly ask questions like – What are your main challenges, what stops you, what you need.
    Then write articles writing related to these – to offer solutions and ideas that are well founded. After that also include this in the free information you provide in the campaign.
    If you can also interview experts or authorities in the field known results and provide free to their subscribers, as well as writing articles outlining the information provided.
    When writing your reader respect – and use conversational tones that help you look like a real person.
    Three Ways You Can Benefit From Article Marketing!
    EXPERIENCE:
    One of the ingredients for online success is to develop confidence and experience among people in their market. How an article of freedom of establishment of these two ingredients? Simple. His articles writing for free, once distributed, become the property around the world. To call the attention of all the cyber world. Search engines take note of the papers presented and send what is called “spiders” to nose around your item and select relevant information that is stored in the database search engine. Anyone seeking information on the article writing makes typing certain keywords and / or key phrases. If these are relevant keywords in your article writing service, your name appears. The articles you write, the more your name appears. The investigator then you believe as an authority in that market or niche and therefore you establish yourself as an expert. On the basis of that confidence and belief to be very knowledgeable in this market, you want to give your more information specific to their feet. They are therefore willing to do business with you.
    FREE INFORMATION:
    The second way to win is that people who read their articles writing to gain some knowledge and therefore their motivation for education is achieved in this way. It is imperative, therefore, to refer to a particular market and write for that market. The useful information that will provide free on your particular market will benefit those looking for information in that market. Once again, his authority is the knowledge base established and reaffirmed. The benefits arising from the established trust return is tremendous and amazing.
    RELATIONSHIP WITH YOUR WEBSITE:
    The easiest way to run strongly to your website is to put your free item in front of their eyes. Through its resource box at the end of the article writing service, the link to your web site is provided. Having thus established himself as an authority any invitation to the reader to reach your website for higher education is taken seriously. That begins a relationship with the benefit of the author.

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  49. Posted April 14, 2018 at 2:48 am | Permalink

    п»їAmerican Made E-Liquid For Your E-Cig

    Electronic cigarettes are ideal for smokers who are looking for a smarter alternative to the toxic smoke and tar that is inhaled when using a regular cigarette. The liquid nicotine or e-liquid in e-cigarettes presents more options for someone who wants to gradually reduce nicotine without giving up cigarettes entirely; however, the manufacturing process has been plagued with reports of harmful blends of e-liquid due to lack of regulation of foreign manufacturing.

    When people give up cigarettes for e-liquid, they don’t want to suffer health consequences because the device doesn’t produce smoke or tar when used. Although scientists haven’t been able to prove beyond a doubt that continued use of the e-liquid is perfectly safe, so far, it seems that has far fewer chemicals a far less damage is done to the lungs and heart compared to smoking tobacco.

    Currently, many of the e-liquid flavors come from China. Imported e-cigarette liquid may contain chemicals that would not be approved by the FDA if the FDA was regulating e-liquids. It would be reasonable to conclude that the best e-liquid is produced in the US because domestic companies are under more scrutiny from the FDA and from customers who use social media and the internet to praise or defame domestic companies.

    Even though it may be a bit more expensive to buy the best e-liquid from a manufacturer that is based in the USA, you still save tons of money when using e-cigs over more expensive cigarettes and the inevitable health problems that come with them.

    The US has instituted dozens of bans on smoking and many people have a hard time smoking outside of their own houses. As a result, more people are turning to e-cigs because they don’t produce any smoke and are not currently prohibited in most places. Health implications associated with smoking a traditional cigarette do not make it easier for smokers as the healthcare indesteuy doesn’t exactly favor smokers.

    Smoking e-cigs in public is something of a grey area, but legislation hasn’t prohibited it in many places because health experts haven’t found anything harmful with secondhand e-liquid vapor yet. What the FDA is concerned about, is the additives used in production plants outside of the US, China and India specifically, where most of the shipments originate.

    In the fall of 2009, the FDA started an investigation into e-liquid and its long term effects on the general population. While some of their concerns may have been well founded, other findings have been debated by independent labs in the country. One issue that does remain a concern for the general consumer: while the US manufactures may have better quality control and higher standards, the same level of control cannot be guaranteed of any foreign shipment entering the country.

    So what’s the answer?

    Consumers may not have much of a say in what exactly goes into other peoples e-liquids, but they can choose not to buy products that have been manufactured without any form of accountability or self-regulation. Many of the best American Made e-liquid companies advertise their ingredients and label their products with labels that state the contents, the date manufactured, and the nicotine strength.

    Foreign companies are not the only culprits, small scale e-cigarette liquid vendors in the US have been known to mix up e-juice blends in their own kitchen and then sell the product online for mass consumption, which is of course wrong. Organizations such AEMSA exist to support self-regulation of this relativity new business, but they cannot be effective when people produce e-cigarette liquid in their homes without the proper licensing and sell it to the masses.

    The classification of e-cigs as a tobacco product and not a smoking cessation product means that technically, they don’t have to be approved by top governing bodies. For this reason, the only way to ensure that you do not consume contaminated e-cigarette liquid is to purchase the best e-liquid you can get from a trusted American e-liquid manufacturer. Do your research and find a reputable company that takes pride in their e-liquid and cares about their customers.

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  50. Posted April 14, 2018 at 11:25 am | Permalink

    п»їHow to do stock market research ?

    Stock market is a well diversified market.Performing quality research work is very much important to earn well from market.A number of stocks are listed over the exchange and it is really difficult to decide which stock should be selected among them for trading purpose. At the end performance of stock decides what returns you earn therefore it is important to make a wise choice. Financial advisory services providers can be consulted to get experts recommendations.
    Now a days all information is available over the Internet but how to study that huge information is quite difficult. Following are some guidelines which you can use to study and research market:
    1) Industry analysis
    Every stock belongs to a particular industry. Studying different industries helps to identify which industry is performing well in current economic condition and is also likely to perform well in future. After finalizing industry you can look for company which is performing good belonging to that industry.
    2) Financial information
    Different useful financial information of a company like balance sheet, income statement, fund flow statement, ratios are available in annual and quarterly reports which are available for free. You can use all these information to learn how company performed in past and how it is likely to perform in future.It is not required to go through the entire report, you can study important ratios and relevant sections to decide whether you should trade in its stocks or not.
    3) Company’s news
    To be on the safer side and make a wise choice you should pay attention to real time news. Learn what is been said about company in news. Making decisions on the basis of facts is helpful in sustaining in market on long term basis by earning good returns.
    4) Customers views
    One thing you can do is ask someone who is working in that company to get better insights of the company. However if you do not have any contact over there then you can read customers reviews as well. This will help in understanding what its customers thinks about it.
    5) Experts recommendations
    Market experts have very good knowledge about market and they are more capable in studying market in the right direction. Such experts gives useful suggestions in the form of stock market trading tips, mcx tips and other trading tips. Study in detail about such tips related to stock or commodity in which you trading and also you can consider them while trading. As they are professionals with good knowledge chances of their being correct is high.
    Once you are done with research work you will be in position to decide to trade in which stock, commodity and using which trading strategy. Never blindly trade in market before studying important facts related to it as it will not help you to perform well and may bring you negative returns.

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  51. Posted April 14, 2018 at 11:05 pm | Permalink

    п»їPharma Market Research – A Brief Overview

    Pharma Market Research does not only include the research about the usage of any drug but also include the prescriptions, indications as well the circumstance in which particular drug is used. Various agencies publish data after a regular interval of time relating to the pharmaceutical market. The pharma research is also quite helpful and beneficial to interpret the results of that pharmaceutical market data. In order to conduct a complete and proper pharmaceutical research it is quite important to understand the basics of pharmaceutical research process. Similarly, it is also very important to understand the main rules of pharmaceutical research designs. Similarly, a researcher should also be aware of different data collection techniques for instance, mail or telephonic surveys, one to one interactions, focus groups etc. It shows that pharmaceutical market research is a complex and rigorous process that require immense expertise.
    In order to save much of human as well as financial resources, pharmaceutical consulting firms provide a good alternative. These consulting services are equally beneficial to both government drug regulating agencies as well as various private drug-manufacturing companies working in the pharmaceutical industry. Government drug regulating agencies can analyze the working of different drugs with the help of such pharmaceutical research consulting services. These pharma services also allow government agencies to be familiar with the situations in which particular drugs are used. Moreover, by hiring the services of pharmaceutical consulting agencies, government drug regulating agencies can save much of their resources that are they are not required to hire medical experts and researchers.
    Pharmaceutical research consulting services are also equally beneficial to various drug manufacturing companies working in the pharmaceutical industry. They can be familiar with the circumstances and different diseases in which particular drug is used. These pharmaceutical consulting services also allow these drug-manufacturing companies to save much of their human as well as financial resources as the companies are not required to recruit additional medical experts as well as researchers. Now, the question is how to select the best pharma market research firms. First, you should consult with different federal drug regulating agencies. The pharmaceutical consulting firms recognized by the federal drug regulating agencies might be the best choice. Similarly, you may also take help of different online resources for searching. Searching various online pharmaceutical directories might be a good a good option in this connection. This was a brief account of pharma market research services.

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  52. Posted April 15, 2018 at 4:44 am | Permalink

    п»їTop 3 Factors of Blogging as my Passion

    Blogging is becoming day by day passion and profession of people who have knowledge about the Internet, Computer and Web sites. Nowadays blogging has become one of the biggest factors of earning money online. But in this article, I am going into the detail of blogging as my passion and profession.
    Let’s discuss the top 3 factors that will show blogging as a Passion.
    What makes Blogging my Passion?I want to learn new thingsI have started blogging in 2014. At that time I have very little information about websites and Blogs and also about SEO. But I continued learning new things and keep writing on different things. One day I came to know that I have to select a specific niche in order to be successful in Blogging. So, that day I have selected SEO and Online Money Making my niche and properly started Blogging.
    I do not care about timeAs I have already mentioned that it is my passion so, I do not care about time. When and where I want I open my laptop and start working on my blog. I do not care what time it is. When I want to write, I write.
    I want to earn money with itAlong with my passion blogging is also my profession. In 2015 right after 1 year of being in this field, I have started earning money from my blog through Google Adsense. And now I am earning through different ways like Google Adsense, Affiliate Marketing and by selling ad spaces. I have proved through my passion and hard work that earning money online is not a dream anymore. Anyone who has passion and time can earn through Blogging.
    ConclusionBelieve me, if you have a passion for something then do it without thinking of what the consequences are later. If you make your passion your profession then you will never ever fail in your life. This is a fact and also my personal experience. Best of luck to everyone.

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  53. Posted April 15, 2018 at 5:42 am | Permalink

    п»їYou Don’t Know Jack About Home Based Business

    To be more specific, you don’t know jack about how to succeed in a network marketing home based business. But not to worry, I’ll help to get you straightened out.
    Today we’re looking at a real good news / bad news scenario. First the bad news: millions of decent, hardworking people have lost their jobs as a result of this sour economy. Now, the good news: many of these people are turning to home based entrepreneurialism in response.
    And why is this good news? It’s a wakeup call to folks everywhere who are finally realizing that financial security has got to be a personal responsibility. People can no longer depend on an employer for a prosperous today or a secure tomorrow. Working for somebody else trading your time for a fistful of dollars is a road to nowhere. If you’ve made the jump to a home based business or are about to then I salute you.
    Many who get involved in network marketing will go on to great success. Sadly, the overwhelming majority will experience nothing more than lots of frustration, lost time and lost money. And the reason most people will fail is because they don’t know jack about how to actually run a business.
    Most of the people who dive into home based network marketing have no practical business skills. These are folks who have worked for others all their lives and they bring an employee mentality into their business rather than an entrepreneurial mentality. Any employee who tries to run a business is doomed to fail. Whereas any entrepreneur who sets out to run a business will succeed. And therein lies the huge distinction.
    Now please don’t let any of this discourage you. Anybody can succeed in a business of their own and you are one of them. There is a magic word which can transform any employee into an entrepreneur. And here it is, this magic word is all you need to go from where you are to where you want to be: training.
    That’s right, entrepreneurs are not born, they are made. And they are made through studying the right training materials and applying the knowledge they acquire. The skills necessary for your home business success are not being withheld from you. Everything you need is out there waiting for you to find it. Best of all, finding what you need is easy – nothing is being kept secret from you.
    As they say, when the student is ready the teacher will appear. And the teacher does not have to be standing in front of you. The teacher can be a course, a book or a website. Your own, personal teacher is out there waiting for you to come along.
    But here’s the rub; you have to go out and find the teacher, they will not come looking for you.
    So let me ask you again – do you know jack about how to succeed in a home based business of your own? Are you looking for quality network marketing training? Your success and financial independence is right out there waiting for you to find it.
    Well get going…what are you waiting for??

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  54. Posted April 15, 2018 at 11:06 am | Permalink

    п»їWhat is Celestine Reiki?

    What is Celestine Reiki?
    Celestine Reiki is an invigorating and deeply calming set of energies which is said to help raise our love vibration closer to that of the new consciousness. Through a series of very simple and easy self-healing practices, we are taught to shine our light outwards for the benefit of all as we heal, purify and rid ourselves of much negativity from within.

    By working with these Celestine energies through self-healing, hands on healing and distance healing and through receiving a series of attunements, our love vibration is raised. As we go more deeply into our practice, we are led towards a more thorough understanding of the power and healing potential of the altruistic intention.

    Typically, Celestine Reiki is taught as part of a larger system of energy based healing and growth known as ‘The Unified Pathway To Light’ but it can equally be learnt just by itself. For those who do continue through the higher teachings on this ‘Unified Pathway’, the practices of Celestine Reiki help you to provide the platform which you can reach the higher and more harmonious vibrations of Prophestine Reiki, Ecliptine Light, The Sorcebro Energy Suite and others.

    History & Origins
    Celestine Reiki was received by Love Inspiration in what was a series of intuitive communications with a higher spiritual being who identified himself as ‘Emperor Ro Han’. The following information was channeled which help to outline the nature and purpose of these energies:

    “Celestine Reiki is a pure and divine healing energy brought to the earth for the benefit of healing those on the pathway to the new consciousness. It is a deep inner transformative healing energy, that helps to yield (uncover) the inner strength that is the centre of us all. This deeply calm, yet invigorating energy is beneficial to use for all beings, at any time, but especially for when the “going gets tough” as you call it. It instils a courage and determination to help you get to where you need to be and can be used in person (hands on treatment) or can be sent by distance to one – or many. In the event of disasters, protests, meetings, wars etc., this energy can be forwarded to help impart the courage behind each person’s “truth” to flow.”В 
    How is Celestine Reiki Taught?
    Celestine Reiki is taught over 5 separate levels with each level allowing for a deepening of your experiences with the energies. As each new layer of energy is introduced we are also able to heal more deeply and purify ourselves as we continue to learn about the powerful benefits of the altruistic intention.

    For each level of learning, it is required that an attunement be received and typically, these are sent and received by distance. Once your attunement is activated, you are able to activate these energies whenever you feel ready to, in your own time and in your own space.

    Practitioner manuals are provided for each level of learning which helps to introduce you to the energies that you are being attuned to, their purpose or role in your healing practice and how you are to activate the energies for receiving your attunement. The attunement processes is very easy and can often be completed in around 15 minutes or so.

    After you receive your attunement, you are then ready to start working with the energies in both a self-healing capacity and if you wish to, for your healing work with others. Again, the practices are very simple and easy to learn and are completed within around 15 minutes.

    Celestine Reiki is always taught by donation as this was the wish of Emperor Ro Han so that these energies could benefit all, regardless of finical considerations. As you can see from the below extract taken from the first level manual:

    “It is the intention of the Celestine energies to benefit all beings to be free from suffering; to live a life of happiness, truth and peace. It is with this intention that Emperor Ro Han asks that these teachings be made available in order to benefit all – and that money should not be a restriction.В  If you wish to, donations can be made.”
    What is the new consciousness?
    One of the key differentiating points between learning Celestine Reiki as opposed to other forms of traditional energy based healing is the idea that it helps you to move closer towards the new consciousness. And whilst this is most certainly a new and mysterious concept for our world to understand or accept, there are now many forms of energy based and attunement based healing which have now emerged which are also speaking of this shift in consciousness.

    The messages and teachings which are being received around the world are all starting to sound quite similar. Our earth is being raised in vibration, on the subtlest of levels, towards more love, more light and more understanding. Layer by layer and step by step, we are all being asked to release our impurities and evolve closer towards understanding who we truly are.

    For some, you may have already started to feel this in what may have been challenging times in your life. Something which seems to happen quite often as these energies are being received, is that there can be some purification as a result. Challenging times, difficult emotions or other such external circumstances are all helping us to move towards the new light.

    For others, maybe you are feeling an opening up through your own practices, allowing you to feel a much stronger or deeper connection with your own divinity or with love? Perhaps you are being presented with an array of wonderful opportunities to serve others in a more loving and harmonious way?

    Whatever it is that seems to be evolving in your life and whether you are aware of it or not, something is definitely happening on a planetary scale! And again, there are now many kinds of mediums, channels, clairvoyants and light workers who are also receiving similar types of information from a wide variety of divine spiritual beings. All of these messages are centring around these same concepts.

    The practices of Celestine Reiki therefore, help to provide us with a wonderful tool which allow us to move towards these new vibrations of love, light and understanding. These energies help to open doors to much higher and lighter frequencies, ones which are filled with love and understanding, so that we may walk on our pathway forwards towards the new light in a truer understanding of our divine selves.

    May you enjoy connecting with these energies and may they help to bring you much love, light and happiness into your life, for the benefit of all. Namaste.

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  55. Posted April 15, 2018 at 6:22 pm | Permalink

    п»їInnovation of Online marketing SEO India Services

    Wildnet Technologies innovation, which is one of the best well liked SEO Services India Firm, has completely renewed its operating procedure. These days, the company has presented many new SEO centered resources and methods. To enhance its team of SEO experts, company has also employed few some of the most experienced and experienced SEO experts. By getting all these actions, the company has properly outfitted itself for the challenging periods ahead.
    All the workers of the Company are very happy about the changes developing in their company. While discussing those changes, these workers also discussed the huge projects taken by the company to create the workplace more fulfilling and pleasant. The most mature level professionals provided specific understanding about the changes developing in their company. According to them, since last few years Wildnet has been making plans to create itself a thinner and stronger company. The management is not getting any choice in a rush. They are getting appropriate a chance to come to a summary. It is this choice to adhere to slowly but ongoing growth strength that has paid many returns to them. They are now able to produce far better SEO India Services Solutions to their customers, with in a very short while.
    There is a variety of SEO Services Solutions providing companies present in the market. On highest possible events, most of these companies are able to produce appropriate SEO Company India Solutions outcomes. However, those outcomes used to produce when the condition was quite ideal to SEO centered businesses. Since then circumstances have suddenly modified and elements are not that much easier now. SEO Indian Solutions outcomes which were once possible by beginner web centered companies are now out of range for even larger companies.
    Now every SEO Indian services providing companies have to make the effort hard to produce quality outcomes to their customers. These companies are trying many elements. They are revamping their operating procedure and coming up with more recent resources and methods. All these elements are being done to create their company more versatile to the ongoing changes developing in the industry.
    About Wildnet Technologies
    Wildnet Technological innovation is a major India-based company of complete online marketing services. The company has existence in many nations all over the community and has been making them available to some of the most major, well known and well known companies which are situated all over the community. Some of the most services provided by the company include Search Engine Search engine optimization, Social Press Search engine optimization, Pay per Click Advertising, Link Building, Web Design and Web Development.

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  56. Posted April 15, 2018 at 7:07 pm | Permalink

    п»їDownload Credit Card Bin Numbers List

    The credit card bin is a number formed by the first six digits on any credit or debit card. While the codifications of the thousands of banks in the world might be a little complicated, you will not need to know them in order to check the security of the transactions issued by your customers. Al you need is a credit card bin numbers database offered by a specialized site, and once you introduce the data in the system, you will find out important details about your potential clients.

    A site of this kind is a great method to reduce the number of chargebacks and frauds on your site. In fact, the internet pirates and scammers are aware about the power of the credit card bin numbers lookup feature, so by stating the fact that you use this service with your site, you will be able to discourage them from trying any illegal operation on your site. For those hackers that are confident in their powers and that are not scared about this feature, the credit card bin numbers search feature will surely be a burden. With this tool, you will be able to expose tem, and you might even think about reporting those illegal transactions to the authorities.

    Different packages offered by the credit card bin sites

    The majority of sites offering this service will give you a simple credit card bin numbers free list for the start. With this list, you will be able to check the cards issued in your country, but if you have an international site with transactions issued by clients from all over the world, you will need an enhanced version of the credit card bin numbers download. Let us see if you should pay the money for this advanced credit card bin version.

    The advanced credit card bin numbers list

    The advanced lists if BIN numbers will give you the option to validate the brand of the card, the bank that issued the respective card, and most important, the country where the card was issued. A transaction issued from Ghana with a card of a Dutch cardholder is surely suspicious, but you cannot refuse it from the start. Call the respective client and the bank that issued the card and certify the transaction. If you do not want to bother your client with annoying questions that might offend him, you should check the advanced credit card bin numbers MasterCard and Visa lists offered by the BIN sites.

    The credit card bin numbers check service will allow you to check the type of the card also (debit or credit), and the manufacturer (Amex, Cyrus, MasterCard or Visa). The credit card bin numbers checker must also give you details about a certain type of card. For example, even if the program certifies the legitimacy of a transaction, it might be issued by a bank that is not trusted. The credit card bin must give you details about the reasons why this bank is placed on the blacklist of the international banks, so you could decide if you want to allow the transaction or not.

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  57. Posted April 15, 2018 at 10:49 pm | Permalink

    п»їWhat Are the Health Risks Related to Mould Exposure in Your Building?

    If the mould remains unattended in an occupied building, it can pose serious health risks for occupants. The World Health Organisation (WHO) has published many articles on this subject to inform and educate health professionals regarding health risks associated with exposure to dampness and mould. Moulds are fungus commonly found in the areas where relative humidity is high due to consistent water ingress. An extended exposure to certain fungus can cause lung problem and skin irritation along with many other sicknesses. Certain mould are known to be allergenic, immunocompromising and or mycotoxin producers.

    As per the publications of WHO and the American Industrial Hygiene Association (AIHA) in their Green Book, poor indoor air quality, dampness and exposure to mould has been associated with health symptoms in exposed individuals in the recent past. Poor housing and external environments are also attributed to a significant rise in the diseases caused by a mould and poor indoor air quality.

    What Are the Adverse Health Effects of Mould?

    Regular inhalation of the mould spores and fragments can cause inflammation in the air passages, wheezing, nasal congestion, coughing, throat infection, and chest tightness. A prolonged exposure can be fatal to immunocompromised individuals. It reduces the lung functions and results in chronic diseases like asthma. Some mould can cause an infection and chronic inflammation of the lungs.

    A considerable proportion of childhood asthma cases around the world can be attributed to dampness, indoor mould and poor air quality.

    Who Is Most Affected by Mould?

    Despite the research and studies made by leading global organisations, it is hard to measure the exact impact of indoor mould exposures on the health of affected people. Therefore, currently there are no established levels of exposure that are mandated and experts have no consensus on how much mould is too much. This is due to the variability of types of indoor moulds that may grow in the building, their dispersal, individual differences, environmental factors and many other factors.

    Some people with pre-existing conditions, such as those with allergies to mould or with asthma, may have more intense reactions following exposure to moulds. Severe reactions may occur among workers exposed to large amounts of moulds in the workplace, such as mould remediation contractors and people working around mouldy hay. Severe reactions may include fever and shortness of breath.

    People with a weakened immune system, such as people receiving treatment for cancer, people who have had an organ or stem cell transplant, and people taking medicines that suppress the immune system, are more likely to get mould infections. Young children, the elderly and pregnant women can also be at higher risk.

    Mould and dampness problems can be more evident in buildings lacking proper ventilation and insulation or buildings impacted by water intrusion. With the help of our expert occupational hygienist in Sydney, you can identify the presence and causes of mould and identify mitigation strategies to eliminate potential health risks.

    What Are the Steps to be Taken?

    It is always advisable to prevent and minimise any indoor mould and keep it under control. It can be done through proper understanding of the building, its environment and what is required to be achieved. Hire the experts for indoor air quality testing in Sydney for identifying problematic areas that need remediation and improved ventilation. If the mould growth is only affecting small sections and is localised (eg. condensation in shower) and is easily controlled you do not require a professional mould inspection and you can remove the visible traces or stains yourself easily by surfactant or detergent or if required diluted alcohol solution, vinegar or other simple fungal treatment products as appropriate.

    If the mould problem is significant and requires detailed assessment by an expert occupational hygienist, lay your trust in our experts in mould inspection in Sydney. They have the latest technology and years of professional experience in the identification, assessment, and strategies for the mould remediation in commercial buildings, office buildings, schools and homes.

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  58. Posted April 16, 2018 at 4:26 am | Permalink

    п»їDomain Names and CyberSquatting

    CyberSquatting
    Since the inception of the internet in the 90’s the information super highway has grown at exponential proportions. Laws often times have trouble catching up with new advancements with technology. Disputes over intellectual property and domain names on the internet have been an ever evolving issue since the late 1990’s. As almost every business looks to put more information on the internet, disputes over domain names have become more common. Domain names are an address on an internet host that is owned by an individual or a company. Typically, web pages are displayed under the owner’s domain name to represent that business or genre whatever it may be. Today as almost every business or individual moves more information to the internet it has become harder not to cross some wires when setting up similar domain names.
    The internet has established many new top level domain names to allow businesses or individuals to correctly find a domain that would suite their webpage or brand. Examples of top level domains are .com, .net, org., .edu and .gov. These are the primary domains most internet users look to at this point. However, many additions include geography such as .us, .la or .nj. As more extensions become available it becomes very easy for businesses to have the same domain with just a different extension on the end.
    As of December 1999, the ability to register .com, .net and .org domains was spread out among many registers. These registrars are accredited by ICANN. ICANN is the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers. It is a non-profit corporation formed to control Internet domain name management. Anyone can purchase a domain name from an individual registrar. They are assigned on a first come, first serve basis and there are no validation checks to see if you are associated with the business you registrar your domain name under.
    Many people as well as companies have realized the importance of having your company name or product name as your domain on the internet. This is very important for search engines as well as building a brand on the internet. However, one needs to search on a registrar to see if the domain they choose is still available and has not been registered by someone else. When a company finds that the domain name corresponding to their corporate name or product trademark is owned by someone else, the company can either choose a different name or fight to get the domain back from its current owners.
    In the late 1990’s early 2000’s their became a rush for internet domain names. Many people were hoping to strike it rich by purchasing a company domain name and selling it back to the company for very high profits. ICANN was created to solve a lot of these disputes. The main driver they look for in domain registration fraud or cyber squatting is to question whether the individual registered the domain name in bad faith or not. Thus, they look to see if this person was planning on using the site to develop or legitimate business purposes or using to sell back to a well known product or company.
    When a dispute over a domain name occurs parties can generally turn to ICANN and the court systems. Courts and judges have the authority to award control and ownership over a domain to a new party if they deem a violation has occurred. However, at times this can be very hard to prove and the process can be very slow. You will find a lot of cases that are settled out of court.
    The practice that’s come to be known as cybersquatting originated at a time when most businesses were not savvy about the commercial opportunities on the Internet. Some entrepreneurial souls registered the names of well-known companies as domain names, with the intent of selling the names back to the companies when they finally woke up. There have been many rags to riches stories of cyber squatters who bought a business name or highly searched product name and sold it to a large commercial business for an exuberant amount of cash.
    Opportunities for cyber squatters are rapidly diminishing, because most businesses now know that nailing down domain names is a high priority. However, with a lot of new domain extensions it can make it very easy to confuse whose website is whose. A good example of this is when you go to the Nissan.com website. Most people associate Nissan with the very large car and truck company. However, there is an unknown smaller company that was started awhile ago by a Mr. Uzi Nissan that sells Computer services. The website for the car company is Nissanusa.com. This will continue to be get very interesting as the internet continues to evolve.
    Google is constantly trying to find ways to better help people search for the exact items they are looking for with their keyword search tools. The advance of this tool has also helped protect against cyber squatting. Most people today do not type in an exact web address to find a website. They search for the product in Google or another search engine.
    However, the problem is starting to arise again now that a lot of new generic level domain names have been released. A lot of the search engines are now trying to add location into your searches to help guide your further. Their has now been a lot of domains issued for each country so that companies can register a domain there to show they do business there. With this now opening up we see that people are again trying to buy a company name with .us or .pp behind them in hopes that this company will need a domain for that country. .Us would stand for the United States and .pp would stand for the Philippines.
    There are much better rules in place this time around, however, the process with law is very slow and sometimes companies may rather just pay a small fee to get the domain name they desire even if it is a lot higher than the original owner paid for it. Another infringement of trademark domain names is if an individual tries to spell the name so close to a well known name that they actually get a lot of traffic from the misspelling. Also that traffic has to be web traffic that was intending on going to the original site or trademark but was directed to yours because of the misspelling. An example of this would be buying the domain name gooogle.com in hopes that people would type an extra o to come to your site instead of google.com. Sometimes squatters will also try to gain cyber traffic by using a well known domain name and just adding a hyphen. An example would be to use TradeStock.Net as Trade-Stock.net hoping to get some traffic from the more well known website. This can also be a form of cybersquatting.
    Anyone who owns or has registered more than a handful of domain names has probably owned one or more names that infringe on the trademark of another company, whether its intentional or unintentional. Figuring out what domain names are dangerous to a domain portfolio is a big part of doing business as a domain investor.
    Sometimes blatant trademarks pose no threat because the trademark holder doesn’t seem to care, and other times seemingly generic domain names become issues when overreaching companies attempt to take domain names using the legal system or threats of the legal system. You need to be aware of the risks involved with domain investing before jumping into the virtual real estate landscape.
    When thinking about registering a domain name it is best to checks with different websites if it infringes on any trademarks. Valuate.com and Estibot.com can run checks to see if a domain infringes on any trademark issues. One can also try to speak to a lawyer or an Internet Marketing Consultant. As the internet continues to grow around the world I suspect there will be many more issues the law will need to catch up with besides domain names. It will be interesting to watch it grow and see how different parties or companies try to exploit it for monetary benefits.

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  59. Posted April 17, 2018 at 4:28 pm | Permalink

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  60. Posted April 18, 2018 at 1:40 am | Permalink

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